Protected areas in Tanzania are extremely varied, ranging from sea Map-Eso habitats over grasslands to the top of the Kilimanjaro, the tallest mountain in Africa. They total 233,000 square kilometers and, when taken together with forest reserves, hunting reserves and other protected areas, cover a third of the country’s total area.

This vast commitment of land and resources to wildlife indicates the importance and central position of Tanzania’s natural heritage in its vision of itself and its future. Integrating such a plan with other resource requirements, local communities and international expectations is a significant task at which Tanzania has made excellent progress in terms of legislation and policy. The job though is not yet complete. Not fully implemented. And into this still vulnerable landscape comes the modern poacher; the point-man for organized crime, dependent on economies half a world away and utterly indifferent to the violence they bring.